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Financial Glossary

RALLY

A substantial rise in the market price following a decline

RANGE

The high and low transaction prices of a currency, security or commodity during a given period

RATE

The price of one currency in terms of another

RATING

An evaluation of credit quality of a company's debt issue by a rating agency. Investors and analysts use ratings to assess the riskness of an investment

RATIO SPREAD

Buying a specific quantity of options and selling a larger quantity of out of the money options

RATIO CALENDAR SPREAD

Selling more near-term options than longer maturity options at the same strike price

REACTION

A reversal of the prevailing trend in price movement. The term is most often used to describe a decline after a period of rising prices

REAL

Interest rate that has been adjusted to eliminate the effect of inflation

REAL GDP

Inflation adjusted model of Gross Domestic Product

REAL TIME

A real-time quote is one that states the most recent bid or offer

RECESSION

A period of general economic decline; specifically a decline in GDP for two or more consecutive quarters

REINVESTMENT RATE

The rate at which interest earned on a loan can be reinvested. The rate may not attract the same level of interest as the principal amount

REPO)

A contract in which the seller of fixed income securities such as Treasury Bills agrees to buy them back at a specified time and price

REPO RATE

The buy back rate of the repurchase agreement

REPURCHASE AGREEMENT

See Repo

RESERVES

Funds set aside for emergencies or other future needs; Official reserves are to ensure that a government can meet near term obligations

RESERVE REQUIREMENT)

The ratio of reserves to deposits, expressed as a fraction, prescribed by national banking authorities

RESISTANCE POINT

A price recognized by technical analysts as a price which is likely to result in a rebound but if broken through is likely to result in a significant price movement

RETAIL PRICE INDEX

RPI; an inflationary indicator that measures the change in the cost of a fixed basket of retail goods

RETAIL SALES

A monthly measurement of all goods sold by retailers based on a sampling of retail stores of different types and sizes; often a measure of consumer confidence

RETURN ON EQUITY

Indicator of profitability. Determined by dividing net income for the past 12 months by common stockholder equity

RETURN ON INVESTMENT)

A figure of merit used to help make capital investment decisions. ROI is calculated by considering the annual benefit divided by the investment amount

REUTER DEALING

A system for screen based trading between banks in operation since the early 1980s

REVERSAL

Change in the general trend of the market

REVALUATIONA change, usually an increase, in a country's fixed exchange rate as a result of official action

RISK MANAGEMENT

The process of analyzing exposure to risk and determining how to best handle such exposure

RISK REVERSAL

A combination of purchasing put options with the sale of call options. The put limits downside, while the call limits the upside

ROLLOVER

An overnight swap, specifically the next business day against the following business day (also called Tomorrow Next, abbreviated to Tom-Next)

ROUND TURN

A completed transaction involving both a purchase and a subsequent sale, or a sale followed by a liquidating purchase

RUNNING A POSITION

Keeping open positions in the hope of a speculative gain

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