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Financial Glossary


Determination of the value of a company's stock based on earnings and the market value of assets


For exchange contracts it is the day on which the two contracting parties exchange the currencies which are being bought or sold. For a spot transaction it is two business banking days forward in the country of the bank providing quotations which determine the spot value date. The only exception to this general rule is the spot day in the quoting centre coinciding with a banking holiday in the country(ies) of the foreign currency(ies). The value date then moves forward a day


Spot normally settles after two working days


Transaction executed for same day settlement; sometimes also referred to as "cash transaction"


A simple option whose terms and conditions do not include any provisions other than exercise style, expiry and strike


Profits or losses on open positions in futures and options contracts which are paid or collected daily


Expresses the price change of an option for a one per cent change in the implied volatility


The sale of an option with a high exercise price and the purchase (in the case of a bull) or the sale (in the case of a bear) of an option with a lower exercise price. Both options will have the same expiration date


A measure of the fluctuations in the underlying instrument over a given time period. It is expressed as a percentage and computed as the annualized standard deviation of percentage change in daily price. High values usually mean high risk


The risk in the value of options portfolios due to the unpredictable changes in the volatility of the underlying asset

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    Posted on   17th October 2016

    Gold pared its losses at the beginning of the week, after having declined last Friday to its lowest level in five weeks

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    Posted on   17th October 2016

    U.S. dollar surged as much as 1% as the markets gained optimism with Janet Yellen’s bullish remarks on the U.S. economy

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